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Human Security Publications

26 Aug 2021

From Refugee to Restaurateur: A Syrian Entrepreneur’s Route to Success in Jordan

Ten years have passed since the outbreak of the Syrian conflict, and it “remains the world’s largest refugee crisis.”1 After a decade of continuously hosting Syrians in Jordan, today they form 10 per cent of the Jordanian population. Making Jordan the second host country of refugees per capita in th...
Author : Marah Jamous
15 Aug 2021

Stateless: A Refugee Success Story

This policy brief highlights the social, procedural, and financial difficulties facing refugees, especially Gazans in Jordan, through the story of the entrepreneur Mohammad. He is a Palestinian refugee living in the Gaza Camp who is directly affected by the lack of documentation.
Author : Samer Fakhoury
04 Jul 2021

The Story of a Soap

This policy brief sheds light on refugee entrepreneurship in Jordan inspired by a success story of a Syrian refugee entrepreneur. It provides an analysis of the context and challenges she faced on her way to entrepreneurship. The brief puts forward key policy-recommendations responding to these chal...
Author : Rawa'a Moumar
22 Jun 2021

Reflections on EU-Jordanian Cooperation: Towards Tertiary Economics

Experts and researchers have carefully processed and analysed the answers of the nearly 800 respondents of the EuroMeSCo Euromed Survey, launched in December 2020 coinciding with the 25th anniversary of the Barcelona Process and ahead of the Joint Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the Sout...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
03 Jun 2021

Young Voices: Jordanian Youth in Public Policy-Making 2020

These policy papers are part of the project entitled "Jordan-EU Dialogue on Human Security Issues" implemented jointly by the West Asia-North Africa Institute (WANA) and the Konrad-Adenauer- Stiftung (KAS) – Jordan Office. The aim of the project is to raise awareness on the issues of importance and ...
07 Mar 2021

Best Practice Reflections on PVE in the Context of the National Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 Comparative Study

The year 2020 marks the 20th Anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security (WPS), which established a normative framework to ensure women’s needs, voices and perspectives are incorporated into peace-building and peace-keeping efforts.
09 Jun 2020

Chronicling the Coronavirus: A Perspective on Kuwait’s Response

The West Asia-North Africa (WANA) Institute recorded a nation’s response as it told the story of COVID-19 in the State of Kuwait.  The WANA team put together a chronology of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic as it unfolded in Kuwait. This document is accompanied by reflections that touches on qu...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
07 Jun 2020

Policy Dynamics: A COVID-19 Perspective on Lebanon

The West-Asia North Africa (WANA) Institute documented a series of policy measures that were taken in response to COVID-19 in Lebanon. The WANA team explored the success, stringency, chronological patterns and future implications of these measures on the country. This document is an analytical read ...
Author : Barik Mhadeen
09 Apr 2020

Chronicling the Coronavirus: A Perspective from Jordan

West Asia-North Africa Institute (WANA) has put together a working chronology of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic as it has unfolded in Jordan. The journal-like texts have been accompanied by reflections that touch on questions of epidemiology as well as issues of governance and policymaking as...
24 Feb 2020

Unlocking the Potential of Entrepreneurship in Creating Jobs for Youth in Jordan

This paper is part of a series of policy papers written by participants of the workshop “Promotion of Think Tank Work on Socio-Economic Reforms and the Impact of Regional Dynamics on Jordan” organised by the German Council on Foreign Relations’ Middle East and North Africa Program (DGAP) in the fall...
Author : Hadeel Qatamin
18 Feb 2020

Unity & Inclusion: Refugees and the Jordanian Host Community

Unity & Inclusion: Refugees and the Jordanian Host Community, a report authored by West Asia North Africa (WANA) Institute, on behalf of the MENA Civil Society Network for Displacement. This report assesses to what extent refugees in Jordan are living in a state of ‘unity and inclusion’. Unity p...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
10 Dec 2019

Theory of Change: Towards More Effective Human Security Approaches in the Context of the Emerging Threat of Violent Radicalisation in Jordan, Lebanon, and Tunisia

This Theory of Change concludes the project “Towards more effective human security approaches in the context of the emerging threat of violent extremism in Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia.” Over three years, the project has examined the trilateral relation between human security, state security policies...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Barik Mhadeen
14 Nov 2019

White paper: Towards More Effective Human Security Approaches in the Context of the Emerging Threat of Violent Radicalisation in Jordan, Lebanon, and Tunisia

This white paper, which is part of the project " Towards More Effective Human Security Approaches in the Context of the Emerging Threat of Violent Extremism in Jordan, Lebanon, and Tunisia", discusses the role of preventing violent extremism programmes implemented in the West Asia-North Africa (WANA...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Barik Mhadeen
31 Oct 2019

Analysis: No Business as Usual in Syria

This paper discusses Syria’s economic future after surviving the Syrian conflict, and the available options for business people in Syria, especially in the shade of destruction across the country which resulted in considerable infrastructural damage and lost and disrupted livelihoods. In addition to...
Author : Alexander Decina, Katherine Nazemi
01 Aug 2019

Human Security in Action

The concept of human security is considered pivotal for assuring the stability of societies and reinforcing them in the face of the various drivers of conflict. It addresses a wide spectrum of variables which could influence the wellbeing and stability of people.
Author : Barik Mhadeen, Lina AlHaj Ahmad
22 Jul 2019

Rethinking the Concept of Human Security and Its Approaches to Preventing and Combating Violent Extremism in Tunisia

This country report reflects an examination of the data collected in Tunisia over 12-months. Initially, it grapples with some definitional issues pertaining to human security, outlining how the concept is well-present at the perception level, but absent at the procedural knowledge level. It also ext...
Author : Maher Zoghlemi and research assistant Helmi Toumi
08 Jul 2019

Manufacturing Employment in Jordan

Manufacturing activity is a strong indicator of a country’s economic development. While Jordan's agricultural activity is flourishing, its steadily-growing manufacturing sector continues to face challenges as it seeks to play a greater role in the kingdom’s economy. This report gives an overview of ...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
08 Jul 2019

The Battle of Ben Guerdane: Between Savagery and Resilience

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from field research conducted by the Jasmine Foundation for Research and Communication in Ben Guerden, Tunisia. The brief discusses how locals in a marginalised border area in Tunisia tackle issues like violent extremism, the state of human securit...
Author : Maher Zoghlemi and research assistant Helmi Toumi
30 Jun 2019

Sectarian Politics, Human Security, and the Quest to Prevent Violent Extremism in Lebanon

This Country Report presents an examination of the attitudes and perceptions in six communities across Lebanon: Baalbek; Hay el Seloum; Saida; Tripoli; Zgharta and Kfarnabrakh. Specifically, it examines how Human Security is conceptualised in these communities and it captures the local variations in...
Author : Zeina El-Helou, Sami Zoughaib, May Tamim, Dr Neven Bondokji
27 Jun 2019

Syrian Refugees and Social Cohesion in Jordan: A Closer Look at Farming Communities in the Jordan Valley

Farming plays an instrumental role in Jordan's society, a field that has brought together Jordanian and Syrian workers. This report highlights Jordanian farmer views of their Syrian colleagues, the nature of social ties, and integration between them. The findings of this report are based on three fo...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
12 Jun 2019

Embracing Social Exclusion in Douar Hicher: Isolation and Code Words

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from field research conducted by the Jasmine Foundation for Research and Communication in Dowar Hicher, Tunisia. The brief explores the relationship between human security programming, state-centric security policies, and PVE efforts there. It disc...
Author : Maher Zoghlemi and research assistant Helmi Toumi
03 Jun 2019

Towards Comprehensive Human Security in Tripoli

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from field research conducted by the Lebanese Centre for Policy Studies in Tripoli, Lebanon. The brief explores the relationship between human security programming, state-centric security policies, and PVE efforts there. It discusses interesting fa...
Author : Barik Mhadeen, based on field research and summary findings by LCPS team
15 May 2019

Human Security: Localised Insights from Baalbek

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from field research conducted by the Lebanese Centre for Policy Studies in Baalbek, Lebanon. The brief explores the relationship between human security programming, state-centric security policies, and PVE efforts there. It discusses interesting fa...
Author : Barik Mhadeen, based on field research and summary findings by LCPS team
01 May 2019

Determinants of Human Security and Hard Security in Ajloun

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from WANA Institute field research in Ajloun about the relation between human security, state-centric security policies, and efforts for preventing violent extremism. The brief offers unique insights into the perceptions of Ajloun residents of thes...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Barik Mhadeen, Lina AlHaj Ahmad
24 Apr 2019

A Read of Human and Population Security: Russeifa as a Case Study

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from WANA Institute field research in Russeifa. The brief offers unique insights into the perceptions of Russeifa residents of the relationship between human security, state security policies, and efforts aimed at preventing violent extremism. The ...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Lina AlHaj Ahmad
18 Apr 2019

Measuring the Impact of Refugee Labour Inclusion on the Host State Economy

This infographic brief contains the key takeaways from our research on Syrian refugee labour inclusion in Jordan. The research measures and tracks economic and social cohesion outcomes using quantitative and qualitative data collected over a 3-year period. The findings provide an objective starting ...
Author : WANA Institute, Mercy Corps
04 Apr 2019

Human Security in Tafileh: Trends and Perceptions

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from WANA Institute field research in Tafileh. The brief offers unique insights into the perceptions of Tafileh residents of the relationship between human security, state security policies, and efforts aimed at preventing violent extremism. The di...
Author : Barik Mhadeen, Dr Neven Bondokji
31 Mar 2019

Executive Summary: The Syrian Refugee Crisis in Jordan and Its Impact on the Jordanian Economy

In late 2016 — just months after the signing of the Jordan Compact — the WANA Institute and Mercy Corps set out to measure the impact of Syrian labour on Jordan’s economy. This research initiative, which has spanned two years, has resulted in several publications. Notable highlights and key conclusi...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart
31 Mar 2019

Syrian Refugee Return: Implications for the Jordanian Host State

This report — the first in a series of three studies — includes initial viewpoints on how the return of Syrian refugees would impact Jordanian labour, employment, housing rents, consumption, and government spending. Drawing primarily on the first-hand accounts of community-based organisations in Amm...
Author : Kareem Al-Sharabi
31 Mar 2019

The Syrian Refugee Crisis and Its Impact on the Jordanian Labour Market

This report — the second piece in a three-part study — reviews the body of research that has been conducted on Syrian participation in the labour market and assess the impact that the Syrian refugees had on the Jordanian labour market between 2012 and 2016.
Author : Dr Salem Ajluni, Dorsey Lockhart
31 Mar 2019

Investment and Employment Trends in Jordan's Key Economic Sectors

This publication provides policy-makers, donors, and other stakeholders with a relevant quantitative framework for understanding the relationship between investment and employment across key economic sectors in Jordan.
Author : Dr Salem Ajluni
13 Mar 2019

Determinants of Human Security and State-Centric Security in Karak

This policy brief presents the preliminary findings from WANA Institute field research with around 80 participants in Karak. The brief offers a descriptive account of the attitudes towards and perceptions of Karak residents of the relationship between human security, state security policies, and eff...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Lina AlHaj Ahmad
31 Jan 2019

Managers’ Reflections on Sub-Sector Performance, Investment, Worker Profile, and Technology Trends

The signing of the Jordan Compact in February 2016 unleashed a wave of optimism that a larger workforce combined with improved trade access for industrial goods would ignite a surge in growth of Jordan’s manufacturing sector. Between 2010 and 2016, GDP from manufacturing in Jordan grew by 13 per cen...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart
27 Sep 2018

ANALYSIS: How Security and Diplomacy Intersect in Russia and Turkey’s Idlib Deal

By mid-September 2018, the Bashar al-Assad regime was poised to launch a military campaign on the last major opposition stronghold in Idlib, Syria. With considerable military buildup, it seemed that a wide-scale operation to retake the province—one that would have threatened the estimated 2.5 millio...
Author : Alexander Decina
09 Sep 2018

Reconceptualising Security: Why Now?

This paper seeks to examine the regional peace and security nexus, with a specific focus on youth. It argues that without human-centric security paradigms with youth at their core, the persistence of state-centric security paradigms will continue to flare anger, yielding further regional instability...
Author : Barik Mhadeen
09 Aug 2018

Syrian Refugee Labour Inclusion Policy In Jordan: Emerging Trends Two Years In

April 2018 marked two years of Jordan’s landmark decision to allow limited working rights to Syrian refugees. This report provides an overview of the progress that has been made, the challenges that remain and the strategies that have been put in place to speed up the pace of Syrian refugee worker i...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart
30 Apr 2018

Syrian Refugee Employment Trends in Jordan and Future Perspectives

This report provides an overview of Syrian refugee employment trends within Jordan and seeks to answer key questions related to the size and configuration of the Syrian labour force, the degree to which Syrians are employed in their preferred sector, the impact of unemployment and sector transfer on...
Author : Shaddin Alhajahmad, Dorsey Lockhart, Katrina Barker
18 Apr 2018

A Region in Motion: Reflections from West Asia-North Africa

The West Asia-North Africa region sits at a complex crossroads where the impacts of chronic conflict, cultural fragmentation, and geopolitical interests collide. It is easy to think of the region’s future in pessimistic terms, yet while conflict and disaster provide a myriad of challenges, they also...
Author : WANA Institute
16 Apr 2018

Syrian Refugee Women and the Workforce

The employment of refugee women is a recurrent concern for international organisations and NGOs whose programmes provide protection and basic needs. Refugee women are commonly viewed as more vulnerable and at greater risk of poverty than their male counterparts. In the current context, many have sou...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart, Katrina Barker, Shaddin Alhajahmad
16 Apr 2018

Syrian Refugees and Social Cohesion in Jordan

As the Syrian civil war approaches its eighth year, in Jordan — where there are approximately 516,000 registered Syrians refugees living outside of the camps — observers are increasingly concerned with the relationship between these populations and host communities. Jordan’s February 2016 decision t...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart, Katrina Barker
19 Mar 2018

Post-Daesh and Still Desperate: The Ongoing Drivers of Violent Extremism in Jordan, Tunisia, and Lebanon

Despite the military defeat of Daesh, many of the drivers which initially encouraged individuals to join a violent extremist group have not been addressed. Radicalisation does not occur in a vacuum and it has been increasingly shown that individuals adhere to violent extremist ideology because of co...
Author : Alethea Osborne, Dr Neven Bondokji
09 Jan 2018

Social Identity and Radicalisation: A Review of Key Concepts

The growth of violent extremist groups in the West Asia - North Africa (WANA) region has impelled academic and policy interest in radicalisation pathways and their drivers. But while radicalisation models usually incorporate identity-related factors, identity itself is rarely a central focus. To fil...
Author : Leen Aghabi, Kim Wilkinson, Dr Neven Bondokji, Alethea Osborne
25 Dec 2017

From Blades to Brains: A New Battleground

With the recent military defeat of Daesh, the group has lost grip on its Caliphate. What remains, however, is the ideological appeal of joining its cause. In this vein, Preventing/Countering Violent Extremism efforts must be reassessed and restructured to address needs related to countering the ideo...
Author : Nadine Sayegh, Barik Mhadeen, Dr Neven Bondokji
25 Dec 2017

Lessons from State-Sponsored Counter-Narrative Campaigns

Winning the ideological fight against violent extremist groups such as Daesh, requires building and developing counter-narratives capable of fighting an idea with an idea. Since the task of creating counter-narratives is broad, the state often leads the efforts. Therefore, it is beneficial to examin...
Author : Nadine Sayegh, Barik Mhadeen, Dr Neven Bondokji
19 Dec 2017

Engendering Extremism: Gender Equality and Radicalisation in the WANA Region

It has been suggested that 3,000 of the 20,000 foreign fighters who have travelled to join Daesh have been women, and while focus has primarily been upon those who came from the West, women from the WANA region were also drawn to the cause. A discussion about the relationship between gender and viol...
Author : Alethea Osborne
18 Dec 2017

Charter on Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism

This charter presents a grounding document for policy-makers, donors, and implementing partners working on Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE) in Jordan. Various stakeholders are already undertaking valuable P/CVE work in Jordan and this charter acknowledges the importance of that wo...
Author : Dr Neven Bondokji, Alethea Osborne, Nadine Sayegh, Barik Mhadeen
17 Dec 2017

Statistics Brief: Syrian Refugee Employment Trends in Jordan

This statistics brief discusses Syrian refugee employment trends in Jordan based on a survey of 501 Syrian refugees across Amman, Irbid, Mafraq and Zarqa carried out by market research firm IPSOS in August 2017. The survey was designed with the purpose of accurately reflecting the demographic breakd...
Author : Shaddin Alhajahmad, Dorsey Lockhart
23 Nov 2017

Investment and Business in Jordan to Create Employment: Opportunities and Challenges

This paper lays out the investment and business regulations in Jordan, and highlight the gaps between regulation and practice. The report is based on desk research and interviews with international organisations, lawyers, business owners from Amman, Zarqa, and Irbid, and government officials from th...
Author : Maria Mikadze, Shaddin Alhajahmad
02 Nov 2017

Towards a Unified Human Security and P/CVE Method in Jordan: Challenges and Changes

The threat of violent extremism facing the West Asia-North Africa (WANA) region and beyond has signalled the need for broader and more holistic conceptualisations of the key notions underpinning the phenomenon. To date, governments, donors and practitioners have approached Preventing and Countering ...
Author : Nadine Sayegh, Dr Neven Bondokji
18 Sep 2017

Nine Recommendations to Bolster the Jordan Compact

Since its signing in February 2016, the Jordan Compact has been hailed as an innovative, holistic approach that prioritises development goals in the context of a protracted humanitarian crisis. Yet as the much hoped for growth in exports to Europe — a cornerstone of the agreement — has failed to mat...
Author : Dorsey Lockhart
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